Health Research Registry List

Research Registry No : HRID-00198_V6
University Departmental Research :
Registration Date : 2019-05-21
Title of Research : Dietary sodium intake of housewives from South Okklapa township of Yangon Region
Principle Investigator : Moh Moh Hlaing
Co-authors : Mya Ohnmar, Khin Mittar Moe San, Sandar Tun, Thidar Khine Wah Wah Win,Su Su Hlaing ,Hla Phyo Linn &
Field of Research : Nutrition
Publication Source :
Year of Publication : -
URL of Publication : -
Presentation Source : 46 th Myanmar Health Research Congress, Program and Abstracts, p70 .
Placement of Presentation : Department of Medical Research
Year of Presentation : 2018
Abstract : Dietary sodium intake and the major sources vary among different regions and populations, largely determined by cultural preference. Awareness of contemporaneous sodium intake and identification of food sources of sodium in diets will inform more specific tailoring of salt reduction policies in local population. The community based descriptive study was conducted from November 2016 to September 2017 to assess the dietary sodium intake of housewives. A total of 147 housewives residing at South Okklapa township was included in the study. After getting informed consent, housewives were interviewed for socio-demographic data and food frequency questionnaires including uses of salt, monosodium glutamate, fermented fish paste, fish sauce, pickled food, dried meat/prawn and fish and condiments during the preceding month. Dietary sodium intake was estimated from measuring spot urine sample. Body weight, height and blood pressure were also measured. About 67% of housewives was age range between 40- 60 years old with minimum 25 years and maximum 70 years . Among 147 housewives, 34.7 % of housewives had high blood pressure at the time of blood pressure measurement and 35.5% and 46.9% of housewives were overweight and obese respectively according to Asian BMI cut off point. Mean (SD) sodium and salt intake of housewives were 3.78(0.92)g and9.46(2.28)g respectively (Recommended daily allowance= 2.4g/day for sodium and 6 g/day for salt) . The findings indicated that only 5.4 % of housewives had daily salt intake within the limits of the daily recommended allowance (6g/day). More than 90% of housewives use salt and monosodium glutamate (MSG) while cooking and 78.9%,67.3% and 66.7% of housewives used fish sauce, soy sauce and fish paste while cooking respectively. About one third of house wives consumed fermented fish paste more than 7 times per week and 48.3% and 43.5% of house wives consumed salted dried fish and prawn1-3times/week. In conclusion, dietary sodium intake among housewives living in South Okkalarpa township were higher than the recommended level. Promotion of a healthy lifestyle with emphasis on low sodium consumption is essential in encouraging women to adopt habits that will help prevent hypertension and renal disease in later life.
IRB/PRC/ERC Approval Date : 2016-06-06
Placement of IRB/PRC/ERC : Department of Medical Research
IRB/PRC/ERC Approval Letter/Document : Dietary sodium intake.pdf
Pre-existing Registration ID : -
Pre-existing Name of Organization : -
Pre-existing Website : -