Health Research Registry List

Research Registry No : HRID-00198_V8
 
University Departmental Research :
 
Registration Date : 2019-05-27
 
Title of Research : Dual burden of malnutrition among primary school children in Myanmar
 
Principle Investigator : Moh Moh Hlaing
 
Co-authors : Mya Ohnamr, Sandar Tun, Myat Myat Thu Thidar Khine, Wah Wah Win, Su Su Hlaing, Hla Phyo Linn and Kh
 
Field of Research : Nutrition
 
Publication Source : 9th International Conference on Public Health among Greater Mekong Sub-Regional Countries, November 22-23, Yangon
 
 
Year of Publication : 2017
 
URL of Publication : https://www.myanmarhrc.com
 
Presentation Source : 9th International Conference on Public Health among Greater Mekong Sub-Regional Countries, November 22-23, Yangon
 
Placement of Presentation : Novotel Yangon Max, Yangon , Myanmar
 
Year of Presentation : 2017
 
Abstract : The distribution of childhood nutritional diseases is shifting from a predominance of under nutrition to a dual burden of under- and over nutrition in low and middle income countries. (LMIC). Rapid economic development and urbanization leads to an increase in overweight and obesity and diet-related chronic diseases. The co- existence of under- and over nutrition is double burden and this is a public health challenge for community. The consequences of malnutrition are severe and can have affects well into adulthood . A child suffering from malnutrition will undergo more frequent, long lasting, and severe illness than a child receiving proper nutrition Therefore, this study aimed to find the nutritional status of primary school children according to geographical distribution and urban rural difference.The study was school based descriptive study and conducted during November,2014 to February ,2015 in basic primary schools, basic middle schools and basic high schools in urban and rural area of Yangon, Mandalay, Taungyi and Mawlamyaing. A total of (2937) Grade IV and Grade V students were measured for weight, height and waist circumference by standard equipment and standard procedure.The overall prevalence of stunting, wasting, overweight and obesity were 8.8%, 15%, 4.6% and 3.1% respectively.The prevalence of wasting and stunting in Yangon, Mandalay, Taungyi and Mawlamyaing were 14.2% vs 8.6% , 19.6% vs 9.2% , 8.9% vs 8.4%and 17.2% vs 9.0% respectively. The overe weight and obesity prevalence in Yangon, Mandalay, Taungyi and Mawlamyaing were 6.0% vs 5.4% and 3.3% vs 2.2 % and 2.5% vs 1.6% and 6.7% and 2.9% respectively. Depend on the urban ,peri-urban and rural difference, the overall prevalence of wasting is highest in peri-urban (19.9%) followed by rural (14.6%) and urban (10.9%). The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity is highest in urban( 13.0%) followed by peri-urban(4.7%) and rural (3.6%). The prevalence of stunting is highest in rural (12.0%) followed by peri-urban (9.8%) and urban(5.7%). Mean (SD) waist circumferences of boys and girls were 55.7(8.1) cm and 53.6(6.5)cm respectively.In conclusion, it was found that the percentages of wasting in primary school children fell in the ‘medium prevalence’ category (10-19%) . The overall proportion of stunting and the prevalence of overweight and obesity is in low category (<10%). The findings of this study showed that malnutrition, both under nutrition and over nutrition were found in primary school children. The findings highlighted the need for continued health promotion efforts to improve nutritional status of primary school children.
 
 
IRB/PRC/ERC Approval Date : 2015-01-19
 
Placement of IRB/PRC/ERC : Department of Medical Research
 
IRB/PRC/ERC Approval Letter/Document : Food and nutrition surveillance.pdf
 
Pre-existing Registration ID : -
 
Pre-existing Name of Organization : -
 
Pre-existing Website : -