Health Research Registry List

Research Registry No : HRID-00198_V9
University Departmental Research :
Registration Date : 2019-05-27
Title of Research : Dietary pattern and nutritional status of HIV infected patients attending out patients’ department of specialist hospital, Mingalardone,Yangon
Principle Investigator : Moh Moh Hlaing
Co-authors : Moh Moh Hlaing, Aung San, Mya Ohnmar , Myat Myat Thu,Wah Wah Win Yin Yin Aye , Su Su Hlaing and Hla
Field of Research : Nutrition
Publication Source :
Year of Publication : -
URL of Publication : -
Presentation Source : The 9th Asia Pacific Conference on Reproductive and Sexual Health and Rights, 27-30 November 2017
Placement of Presentation : Quang Ninh Exhibition of Planning and Expo Center , Ha Long City, Quang Ninh province, Vietnam
Year of Presentation : 2017
Abstract : Nutrition plays a critical role in comprehensive care, support and treatment of HIV infected people. There are complex interactions between nutrition and HIV/AIDS. HIV progressively weakens the immune system and leads to malnutrition. To improve the nutritional status of HIV infected patients, nutrition knowledge and dietary pattern of patients are needed to be known. Myanmar is still need to do incorporate nutrition into care, support and treatment for HIV-infected persons. The study was conducted to identify the dietary pattern and nutritional assessment of HIV infected patients and it is needed to give information on the nutrition care and support for them.A cross-sectional study was conducted with 142 HIV infected patients ( Male-39.4%, Female-60.6%) at the out patients’ department (OPD) of specialist hospital, Mingalardone, Yangon from February to May, 2015.Pregnant women and lactating mothers were excluded. After getting informed consent, patients were asked for Patients’ data including socio-demographic background, disease history, type of antiretroviral therapy and duration . Food frequency questionnaires was used to assess food consumption pattern. The height and weight were measure and body mass index (BMI) is calculated as body weight divided by height squared (kg/m2). The mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) was also measured.Among 142 patients 31%, 18.3% and 2.8% of patients were underweight, over weight and obese respectively. Within 44 patients with under nutrition, 17(38.6%),13(29.5%) and 14(31.9%) patients were severe, moderate and mild underweight respectively. Prevalence of under nutrition among patients was higher in HIV with TB patients than HIV infected patients only ( 47.1% vs 28.8%). HIV-positive individuals those treated for TB had lower BMI (18.9 Kg/m2 vs 20.3 kg/m2) and mid-arm circumference (22.0cm vs 23.8 cm), compared with HIV-positive individuals without tuberculosis. Regarding with dietary pattern of HIV infected patients, 65.4% , 23.9% and 8.5% of patients consumed main meal 2 times/day , 3 times /day, 4 times/day, 5 times/ day respectively. Vegetable and fruit were daily consumed by 59.9 % and 44.4% of patients. Nearly 60% and 64 % of patients consumed meat and fish 2-4 days per week respectively.This study was conducted at OPD and most of whom were coming for HARRT Therefore, the dietary pattern and nutritional status of this patients cannot be generalized to other populations. The double burden of malnutrition (both under nutrition and over nutrition) exist among the study population. The findings showed that under nutrition prevalence among HIV infected patient is high and proper nutrition education is needed to improve dietary habit and nutritional status of HIV infected patients. Nutritional counseling and supplementation could help to maintain optimal nutritional status, especially among HIV-positive patients with tuberculosis.
IRB/PRC/ERC Approval Date : 2014-07-18
Placement of IRB/PRC/ERC : Department of Medical Research
IRB/PRC/ERC Approval Letter/Document : HIV-Nutrition.pdf
Pre-existing Registration ID : -
Pre-existing Name of Organization : -
Pre-existing Website : -